Hoàng Quang Bình * , Lê Trung Thiên , Trần Quang Trà Trịnh Ngọc Thảo Ngân

* Người chịu trách nhiệm về bài viết: Hoàng Quang Bình (email: qbinh93@gmail.com)

Abstract

The factors such as microorganisms, ripening, and respiration can deteriorate the quality and quantity of fresh fruit after harvest if it is not stored in a suitable condition. The edible coating technique is one of the effective solutions for post-harvest fruit preservation, its mechanism seems like a semi-permeable membrane covering the surface of the peel and control the exchange of water and gas between the environment and fruit, as well as prevent the attack of harmful microorganisms. Coating treatment can be applied to preserve many tropical fruits to prolong their shelf life, maintain good organoleptic quality as well as biological compounds. Within the scope of this article, the characteristics of biofilm as well as its effectiveness in postharvest fruit preservation had been described.

Keywords: Biofilm, coating, post harvest, tropical fruit, storage.

Tóm tắt

Các yếu tố như vi sinh vật, quá trình chín sinh lý và hô hấp có thể làm giảm chất lượng của trái cây sau thu hoạch nếu không được bảo quản thích hợp. Kỹ thuật bao màng là một trong những giải pháp hiệu quả cho bảo quản trái cây sau thu hoạch, lớp màng bao phủ trên bề mặt vỏ trái cây có vai trò như một lớp màng bán thấm giúp kiểm soát sự trao đổi hơi nước, không khí giữa môi trường và trái cây, cũng như hạn chế sự tấn công của vi sinh vật gây hại. Xử lý bao màng có thể ứng dụng cho bảo quản nhiều loại trái cây nhiệt đới giúp kéo dài thời gian sử dụng, duy trì tốt chất lượng cảm quan cũng như các hợp chất sinh học cho trái cây sau thu hoạch. Trong phạm vị của bài viết này, đặc điểm của màng bao sinh học cũng như hiệu quả của nó trong bảo quản trái cây sau thu hoạch đã được đề cập.

Từ khóa: Bảo quản sau thu hoạch, bao màng, màng sinh học, trái cây.

Article Details

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